常见的rewrite规则

目标 重写设置 说明
规范化URL RewriteRule ^/~([^/]+)/?(.*) /u/$1/$2 [R] 将/~user重写为/u/user的形式
RewriteRule ^/([uge])/([^/]+)$ /$1/$2/ [R] 将/u/user末尾漏掉的/补上
规范化HostName RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^fully\.qualified\.domain\.name [NC] 域名不合格
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^$ 不空
RewriteCond %{SERVER_PORT} !^80$ 不是80端口
RewriteRule ^/(.*) http://fully.qualified.domain.name:%{SERVER_PORT}/$1 [L,R] 重写
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^fully\.qualified\.domain\.name [NC]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^$
RewriteRule ^/(.*) http://fully.qualified.domain.name/$1 [L,R]
URL根目录转移 RewriteEngine on
RewriteRule ^/$ /e/www/ [R] 从/移到/e/www/
末尾目录补斜线 RewriteEngine on
(目录范围内) RewriteBase /~quux/
RewriteRule ^foo$ foo/ [R] /~quux/foo是一个目录,补/
RewriteEngine on
RewriteBase /~quux/
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} -d 如果请文件名是个目录
RewriteRule ^(.+[^/])$ $1/ [R] URL末尾不是斜线时补上
Web集群 RewriteEngine on
RewriteMap user-to-host txt:/path/to/map.user-to-host 用户-服务器映射
RewriteMap group-to-host txt:/path/to/map.group-to-host 组-服务器映射
RewriteMap entity-to-host txt:/path/to/map.entity-to-host 实体-服务器映射
RewriteRule ^/u/([^/]+)/?(.*) http://${user-to-host:$1|server0}/u/$1/$2 用户均衡
RewriteRule ^/g/([^/]+)/?(.*) http://${group-to-host:$1|server0}/g/$1/$2 组均衡
RewriteRule ^/e/([^/]+)/?(.*) http://${entity-to-host:$1|server0}/e/$1/$2 实体均衡
RewriteRule ^/([uge])/([^/]+)/?$ /$1/$2/.www/
RewriteRule ^/([uge])/([^/]+)/([^.]+.+) /$1/$2/.www/$3\
URL根目录搬迁 RewriteEngine on
RewriteRule ^/~(.+) http://newserver/~$1 [R,L] 到其它服务器
所用户名首字母分 RewriteEngine on
RewriteRule ^/~(([a-z])[a-z0-9]+)(.*) /home/$2/$1/.www$3 内一层括号为$2
NCSA imagemap移 RewriteEngine on
植为mod_imap RewriteRule ^/cgi-bin/imagemap(.*) $1 [PT]
多目录查找资源 RewriteEngine on
# first try to find it in custom/…
RewriteCond /your/docroot/dir1/%{REQUEST_FILENAME} -f
RewriteRule ^(.+) /your/docroot/dir1/$1 [L]
# second try to find it in pub/…
RewriteCond /your/docroot/dir2/%{REQUEST_FILENAME} -f
RewriteRule ^(.+) /your/docroot/dir2/$1 [L]
# else go on for other Alias or ScriptAlias directives,
RewriteRule ^(.+) – [PT]
据URL设置环境变量 RewriteEngine on
RewriteRule ^(.*)/S=([^/]+)/(.*) $1/$3 [E=STATUS:$2]
虚拟主机 RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^www\.[^.]+\.host\.com$ 基于用户名
RewriteRule ^(.+) %{HTTP_HOST}$1 [C]
RewriteRule ^www\.([^.]+)\.host\.com(.*) /home/$1$2
内外人有别 RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{REMOTE_HOST} !^.+\.ourdomain\.com$ 基于远程主机
RewriteRule ^(http://w3-path8-net.b0.upaiyun.com/tn/~.+) http://www.somewhere.com/$1 [R,L]
错误重定向 RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond /your/docroot/%{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f 不是regular文件
RewriteRule ^(.+) http://webserverB.dom/$1
程序处理特殊协议 RewriteRule ^xredirect:(.+) /path/to/nph-xredirect.cgi/$1 \ Xredirect协议
[T=application/x-httpd-cgi,L]
最近镜像下载 RewriteEngine on
RewriteMap multiplex txt:/path/to/map.cxan 顶级域名与最近ftp服务器映射
RewriteRule ^/CxAN/(.*) %{REMOTE_HOST}::$1 [C]
RewriteRule ^.+\.([a-zA-Z]+)::(.*)$ ${multiplex:$1|ftp.default.dom}$2 [R,L] 据顶级域名不同提供不同的FTP服务器
基于时间重写 RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{TIME_HOUR}%{TIME_MIN} >0700
RewriteCond %{TIME_HOUR}%{TIME_MIN} <1900
RewriteRule ^foo\.html$ foo.day.html 白天为早晚7点间
RewriteRule ^foo\.html$ foo.night.html 其余为夜间
向前兼容扩展名 RewriteEngine on
RewriteBase /~quux/
# parse out basename, but remember the fact
RewriteRule ^(.*)\.html$ $1 [C,E=WasHTML:yes]
rewrite to document.phtml if exists
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME}.phtml -f 如果存在$1.phtml则重写
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ $1.phtml [S=1]
# else reverse the previous basename cutout
RewriteCond %{ENV:WasHTML} ^yes$ 如果不存在$1.phtml,则保持不变
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ $1.html
文件改名(目录级) RewriteEngine on 内部重写
RewriteBase /~quux/
RewriteRule ^foo\.html$ bar.html
RewriteEngine on 重定向由客户端再次提交
RewriteBase /~quux/
RewriteRule ^foo\.html$ bar.html [R]
据浏览器类型重写 RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Mozilla/3.*
RewriteRule ^foo\.html$ foo.NS.html [L]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Lynx/.* [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Mozilla/[12].*
RewriteRule ^foo\.html$ foo.20.html [L]
RewriteRule ^foo\.html$ foo.32.html [L]
动态镜像远程资源 RewriteEngine on
RewriteBase /~quux/
RewriteRule ^hotsheet/(.*)$ http://www.tstimpreso.com/hotsheet/$1 [P] 利用了代理模块
RewriteEngine on
RewriteBase /~quux/
RewriteRule ^usa-news\.html$ http://www.quux-corp.com/news/index.html [P]
反向动态镜像 RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond /mirror/of/remotesite/$1 -U
RewriteRule ^http://www\.remotesite\.com/(.*)$ /mirror/of/remotesite/$1
负载均衡 RewriteEngine on 利用代理实现round-robin效果
RewriteMap lb prg:/path/to/lb.pl
RewriteRule ^/(.+)$ ${lb:$1} [P,L]
#!/path/to/perl
$| = 1;
$name = “www”; # the hostname base
$first = 1; # the first server (not 0 here, because 0 is myself)
$last = 5; # the last server in the round-robin
$domain = “foo.dom”; # the domainname
$cnt = 0;
while (<STDIN>) {
$cnt = (($cnt+1) % ($last+1-$first));
$server = sprintf(”%s%d.%s”, $name, $cnt+$first, $domain);
print “http://$server/$_”;
}
##EOF##
静态页面变脚本 RewriteEngine on
RewriteBase /~quux/
RewriteRule ^foo\.html$ foo.cgi [T=application/x-httpd-cgi]
阻击机器人 RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^NameOfBadRobot.*
RewriteCond %{REMOTE_ADDR} ^123\.45\.67\.[8-9]$
RewriteRule ^/~quux/foo/arc/.+ – [F]
阻止盗连你的图片 RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} !^$
RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} !^http://www.quux-corp.de/~quux/.*$ [NC] 自己的连接可不能被阻止
RewriteRule .*\.gif$ – [F]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} !^$
RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} !.*/foo-with-gif\.html$
RewriteRule ^inlined-in-foo\.gif$ – [F]
拒绝某些主机访问 RewriteEngine on
RewriteMap hosts-deny txt:/path/to/hosts.deny
RewriteCond ${hosts-deny:%{REMOTE_HOST}|NOT-FOUND} !=NOT-FOUND [OR]
RewriteCond ${hosts-deny:%{REMOTE_ADDR}|NOT-FOUND} !=NOT-FOUND
RewriteRule ^/.* – [F]
用户授权 RewriteCond %{REMOTE_IDENT}@%{REMOTE_HOST} !^friend1@client1.quux-corp\.com$
RewriteCond %{REMOTE_IDENT}@%{REMOTE_HOST} !^friend2@client2.quux-corp\.com$
RewriteCond %{REMOTE_IDENT}@%{REMOTE_HOST} !^friend3@client3.quux-corp\.com$
RewriteRule ^/~quux/only-for-friends/ – [F]
外部重写程序模板 RewriteEngine on
RewriteMap quux-map prg:/path/to/map.quux.pl
RewriteRule ^/~quux/(.*)$ /~quux/${quux-map:$1}
#!/path/to/perl
$| = 1;
while (<>) {
s|^foo/|bar/|;
print $_;
}
搜索引擎友好 RewriteRule ^/products$ /content.php
RewriteRule ^/products/([0-9]+)$ /content.php?id=$1
RewriteRule ^/products/([0-9]+),([ad]*),([0-9]{0,3}),([0-9]*),([0-9]*$) /marso/content.php?id=$1&sort=$2&order=$3&start=$4




coded by nessus
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1 条评论。

  1. 规则太多了,有结合正则表达式的说明吗?

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