Content-Type一览/Multipart Internet Mail Extensions (MIME)

Multipart Internet Mail Extensions (MIME)

不过这篇文章非常古老,96年的,现在又有很多新的MIME条目,这里有一篇比较新的 MIME简介与MIME类型大全,可以参看。
web服务器本身也都内置了MIME配置文件,如apache,在linux下,它一般在/etc/mime.types (fedora, centos,redhat系列), 也可能在/usr/local/apache/etc/mime.types (好像这个位置是更合理更“默认”) ,这里有一篇fedora14上apache的MIME文件可以参看。

Multipart Internet Mail Extensions (MIME)

The following table lists many of the MIME content-types currently in use on the Web, and gives the data type associacted with the MIME type name. There are in some cases more than one MIME type in use for a given data type.
The types are divided into the following categories:To make this table easier to use, some types appearunder more than one category

Description of Data Content


Typical Filename Extensions


MIME type/subtype


Text and Text-Related Types
HTML text data (RFC 1866) html htm text/html
Plain text: documents; program listings txt c c++ pl cc h text/plain
Richtext (obsolete – replaced by text/enriched) text/richtext
Structure enhanced text (etx?) text/x-setext
Enriched text markup (RFC 1896) text/enriched
Tab-separated values (tabular) (tsv?) text/tab-separated-values
SGML documents (RFC 1874) text/sgml
Speech synthesis data (MVP Solutions) talk text/x-speech
Document Stylesheet Types
Cascading Stylesheets css text/css
DSSSL-online stylesheets application/dsssl (proposed)
Image Types
GIF gif image/gif
X-Windows bitmap (b/w) xbm image/x-xbitmap
X-Windows pixelmap (8-bit color) xpm image/x-xpixmap
Portable Network Graphics png image/x-png
Image Exchange Format (RFC 1314) ief image/ief
JPEG jpeg jpg jpe image/jpeg
TIFF tiff tif image/tiff
RGB rgb image/rgb
Group III Fax (RFC 1494) g3f image/g3fax
X Windowdump format xwd image/x-xwindowdump
Macintosh PICT format pict image/x-pict
PPM (UNIX PPM package) ppm image/x-portable-pixmap
PGM (UNIX PPM package) pgm image/x-portable-graymap
PBM (UNIX PPM package) pbm image/x-portable-bitmap
PNM (UNIX PPM package) pnm image/x-portable-anymap
Microsoft Windows bitmap bmp image/x-ms-bmp
CMU raster ras image/x-cmu-raster
Kodak Photo-CD pcd image/x-photo-cd
Computer Graphics Metafile cgm image/cgm
North Am. Presentation Layer Protocol image/naplps
CALS Type 1 or 2 mil cal image/x-cals
Fractal Image Format (Iterated Systems) fif image/fif
QuickSilver active image (Micrografx) dsf image/x-mgx-dsf
CMX vector image (Corel) cmx image/x-cmx
Wavelet-compressed (Summus) wi image/wavelet
AutoCad Drawing (SoftSource) dwg image/vnd.dwg
AutoCad DXF file (SoftSource) dxf image/vnd.dxf
Simple Vector Format (SoftSource) svf image/vnd.svf
also vector/x-svf
Audio/Voice/Music Related Types
“basic”audio – 8-bit u-law PCM au snd audio/basic
Macintosh audio format (AIpple) aif aiff aifc audio/x-aiff
Microsoft audio wav audio/x-wav
MPEG audio mpa abs mpega audio/x-mpeg
MPEG-2 audio mp2a mpa2 audio/x-mpeg-2
compressed speech (Echo Speech Corp.) es audio/echospeech
Toolvox speech audio (Voxware) vox audio/voxware
RapidTransit compressed audio (Fast Man) lcc application/fastman
Realaudio (Progressive Networks) ra ram application/x-pn-realaudio
NIFF music notation data format application/
MIDI music data mmid x-music/x-midi
Koan music data (SSeyo) skp application/vnd.koan
Speech synthesis data (MVP Solutions) talk text/x-speech
Video Types
MPEG video mpeg mpg mpe video/mpeg
MPEG-2 video mpv2 mp2v video/mpeg-2
Macintosh Quicktime qt mov video/quicktime
Microsoft video avi video/x-msvideo
SGI Movie format movie video/x-sgi-movie
VDOlive streaming video (VDOnet) vdo video/vdo
Vivo streaming video (Vivo software) viv video/
Special HTTP/Web Application Types
Proxy autoconfiguration (Netscape browsers) pac application/x-ns-proxy-autoconfig
See Chapter 6 application/x-www-form-urlencoded
See Chapter 9 application/x-www-local-exec
See Chapter 9 (Netscape extension) multipart/x-mixed-replace
See Chapter 9 and Appendix B multipart/form-data
Netscape Cooltalk chat data (Netscape) ice x-conference/x-cooltalk
Interactive chat (Ichat) application/x-chat
Application Types
PostScript ai eps ps application/postscript
Microsoft Rich Text Format rtf application/rtf
Adobe Acrobat PDF pdf application/pdf
Maker Interchange Format (FrameMaker) mif application/vnd.mif
Troff document t tr roff application/x-troff
Troff document with MAN macros man application/x-troff-man
Troff document with ME macros me application/x-troff-me
Troff document with MS macros ms application/x-troff-ms
LaTeX document latex application/x-latex
Tex/LateX document tex application/x-tex
GNU TexInfo document texinfo texi application/x-texinfo
TeX dvi format dvi application/x-dvi
MacWrite document ?? application/macwriteii
MS word document ?? application/msword
WordPerfect 5.1 document ?? application/wordperfect5.1
SGML application (RFC 1874) application/sgml
Office Document Architecture oda application/oda
Envoy Document evy application/envoy
Wang Info. Tranfer Format (Wang) application/wita
DEC Document Transfer Format (DEC) application/dec-dx
IBM Document Content Architecture (IBM) application/dca-rft
CommonGround Digital Paper (No Hands Software) application/commonground
FrameMaker Documents (Frame) doc fm frm frame application/vnd.framemaker
Remote printing at arbitrary printers (RFC 1486) application/remote-printing
Archive/Compressed Archives
Gnu tar format gtar application/x-gtar
4.3BSD tar format tar application/x-tar
POSIX tar format ustar application/x-ustar
Old CPIO format bcpio application/x-bcpio
POSIX CPIO format cpio application/x-cpio
UNIX sh shell archive shar application/x-shar
DOS/PC – Pkzipped archive zip application/zip
Macintosh Binhexed archive hqx application/mac-binhex40
Macintosh Stuffit Archive sit sea application/x-stuffit
Fractal Image Format fif application/fractals
Binary, UUencoded bin uu application/octet-stream
PC executable exe application/octet-stream
WAIS “sources” src wsrc application/x-wais-source
NCSA HDF data format hdf application/hdf
Downloadable Program/Scripts
Javascript program js ls mocha text/javascript
VBScript program text/vbscript
UNIX bourne shell program sh application/x-sh
UNIX c-shell program csh application/x-csh
Perl program pl application/x-perl
Tcl (Tool Control Language) program tcl application/x-tcl
Atomicmail program scripts (obsolete) application/atomicmail
Slate documents – executable enclosures (BBN) application/slate
Undefined binary data (often executable progs) application/octet-stream
RISC OS Executable programs (ANT Limited) application/riscos
Andrew Toolkit inset application/andrew-inset
FutureSplash vector animation (FutureWave) spl application/futuresplash
mBED multimedia data (mBED) mbd application/mbedlet
Macromedia Shockwave (Macromedia) application/x-director
Sizzler real-time video/animation application/x-sprite
PowerMedia multimedia (RadMedia) rad application/x-rad-powermedia
PowerPoint presentation (Microsoft) ppz application/mspowerpoint
PointPlus presentation data (Net Scene) css application/x-pointplus
ASAP WordPower (Software Publishing Corp.) asp application/x-asap
Astound Web Player multimedia data (GoldDisk) asn application/astound
Special Embedded Object
OLE script e.g. Visual Basic (Ncompass) axs application/x-olescript
OLE Object (Microsoft/NCompass) ods application/x-oleobject
OpenScape OLE/OCX objects (Business@Web) opp x-form/x-openscape
Visual Basic objects (Amara) wba application/x-webbasic
Specialized data entry forms (Alpha Software) frm application/x-alpha-form
client-server objects (Wayfarer Communications) wfx x-script/x-wfxclient
General Applications
Undefined binary data (often executable progs) application/octet-stream
CALS (U.S. D.O.D data format – RFC 1895) application/cals-1840
Pointcast news data (Pointcast) pcn application/x-pcn
Excel spreadsheet (Microsoft) application/
PowerPoint (Microsoft) ppt application/
Microsoft Project (Microsoft) application/
Works data (Microsoft) application/
MAPI data (Microsoft) application/
Artgallery data (Microsoft) application/vnd.artgalry
SourceView document (Dataware Electronics) svd application/vnd.svd
Truedoc (Bitstream) application/vnd.truedoc
Net Install – software install (20/20 Software) ins application/x-net-install
Carbon Copy – remote control/access (Microcom) ccv application/ccv
Spreadsheets (Visual Components) vts workbook/formulaone
Cybercash digital money (Cybercash) application/cybercash
Format for sending generic Macintosh files application/applefile
Active message — connect to active mail app. application/activemessage
X.400 mail message body part (RFC 1494) application/x400-bp
USENET news message id (RFC 1036) application/news-message-id
USENET news message (RFC 1036) application/news-transmission
Multipart Types (mostly email)
Messages with multiple parts multipart/mixed
Messages with multiple, alternative parts multipart/alternative
Message with multiple, related parts multipart/related
Multiple parts are digests multipart/digest
For reporting of email status (admin.) multipart/report
Order of parts does not matter multipart/parallel
Macintosh file data multipart/appledouble
Aggregate messages; descriptor as header multipart/header-set
Container for voice-mail multipart/voice-message
HTML FORM data (see Ch. 9 and App. B) multipart/form-data
Infinite multiparts – See Chapter 9 (Netscape) multipart/x-mixed-replace
Message Types (mostly email)
MIME message message/rfc822
Partial message message/partial
Message containing external references message/external-body
Message containing USENET news message/news
HTTP message message/http
2D/3D Data/Virtual Reality Types
VRML data file wrl vrml x-world/x-vrml(changing to model/vrml)
WIRL – VRML data (VREAM) vrw x-world/x-vream
Play3D 3d scene data (Play3D) p3d application/x-p3d
Viscape Interactive 3d world data (Superscape) svr x-world/x-svr
WebActive 3d data (Plastic Thought) wvr x-world/x-wvr
QuickDraw3D scene data (Apple) 3dmf x-world/x-3dmf
Scientific/Math/CAD Types
Chemical types — to communicate information about chemical models chemical/* (several subtypes)
Mathematica notebook ma application/mathematica
Computational meshes for numerical simulations msh x-model/x-mesh(evolving to model/mesh)
Vis5D 5-dimensional data v5d application/vis5d
IGES models — CAD/CAM (CGM) data igs application/iges(evolving to model/iges?)
Autocad WHIP vector drawings dwf drawing/x-dwf
Largely Platform-Specific Types
Silicon Graphics Specific Types
Showcase Presentations showcase slides sc sho show application/x-showcase
Insight Manual pages ins insight application/x-insight
Iris Annotator data ano application/x-annotator
Directory Viewer dir application/x-dirview
Software License lic application/x-enterlicense
Fax manager file faxmgr application/x-fax-manager
Fax job data file faxmgrjob application/x-fax-manager-job
IconBook data icnbk application/x-iconbook
? wb application/x-inpview
Installable software in ‘inst’ format inst application/x-install
Mail folder mail application/x-mailfolder
? pp ppages application/x-ppages
Data for printer (via lpr) sgi-lpr application/x-sgi-lpr
Software in ‘tardist’ format tardist application/x-tardist
Software in compressed ‘tardist’ format ztardist application/x-ztardist
WingZ spreadsheet wkz application/x-wingz
Open Inventor 3-D scenes iv graphics/x-inventor

Copyright © Ian S. Graham, 1997
Last Update: 25 January 1996 The HTML Sourcebook, 3Ed


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